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Scientist Publications

This list provides citations for papers for which an appointee of the UCAR Visiting Scientist Program was the primary author.

Last updated December 2012.

Allen, Myles R., Leonard A. Smith, 1996: Monte Carlo SSA: Detecting irregular oscillations in the Presence of Colored Noise. J. Climate, 9, 3373-3404. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<3373:MCSDIO>2.0.CO;2

Anderson, W. G., A. Gnanadesikan, R. Hallberg, J. Dunne, and B. L. Samuels (2007), Impact of ocean color on the maintenance of the Pacific Cold Tongue, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L11609, doi:10.1029/2007GL030100.

Archer, Emma R. M., 2003: Identifying Underserved End-User Groups in the Provision of Climate Information. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84, 1525-1532. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-84-11-1525

B. S. Chua, A. F. Bennett, An inverse ocean modeling system, Ocean Modelling, Volume 3, Issues 3-4, 2001, Pages 137-165, ISSN 1463-5003, DOI: 10.1016/S1463-5003(01)00006-3.

Barlow, M., S. Nigam, E. H. Berbery, 2001: ENSO, Pacific Decadal Variability, and U.S. Summertime Precipitation, Drought, and Stream Flow. J. Climate, 14, 2105-2128. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<2105:EPDVAU>2.0.CO;2

Beesley, J. (2000), Estimating the effect of clouds on the arctic surface energy budget, J. Geophys. Res., 105(D8), 10103-10117.

Betts, Alan K., F. Chen, K. E. Mitchell, Z. I. Janjić, 1997: Assessment of the Land Surface and Boundary Layer Models in Two Operational Versions of... Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 2896-2916. doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<2896:AOTLSA>2.0.CO;2

Bond, T. C. (2001), Spectral dependence of visible light absorption by carbonaceous particles emitted from coal combustion, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(21), 4075-4078, doi:10.1029/2001GL013652.

Bond, T. C., D. S. Covert, J. C. Kramlich, T. V. Larson, and R. J. Charlson (2002), Primary particle emissions from residential coal burning: Optical properties and size distributions, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D21), 8347, doi:10.1029/2001JD000571.

Brenner, Stephen, 1996: Response of an Ocean Mixed Layer Model in 30-Day December Forecasts with a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model. J. Climate, 9, 3337-3356. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<3337:ROAOML>2.0.CO;2

Campbell, J.R. et al., CALIOP Aerosol Subset Processing for Global Aerosol Transport Model Data Assimilation, Sel. Topics in Applied Earth Obs and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of , vol.3, no.2, pp.203-214, June 2010 doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2010.2044868

Chalikov, D., 1995: The Parameterization of the Wave Boundary Layer. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 1333-1349. doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1995)025<1333:TPOTWB>2.0.CO;2

Chang, Y-S, Anthony Rosati, and Gabriel A Vecchi, February 2010: Basin patterns of global sea level changes for 2004-2007. Journal of Marine Systems, 80(1-2), doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2009.11.003.

Chang, Y-S., A. J. Rosati, S. Zhang, and M. J. Harrison (2009), Objective analysis of monthly temperature and salinity for the world ocean in the 21st century: Comparison with World Ocean Atlas and application to assimilation validation, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C02014, doi:10.1029/2008JC004970.

Chang, Y-S., A. Rosati, and S. Zhang (2011), A construction of pseudo salinity profiles for the global ocean: Method and evaluation, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C02002, doi:10.1029/2010JC006386.

Chen, Liang Gui, 1995: Mixed Layer Density Ratio from the Levitus Data. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 691-701. doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1995)025<0691:MLDRFT>2.0.CO;2

Chen, S.-H., F. Vandenberghe, G. Petty, W. Huang, and J. Bresch, 2001: Comparison of the SSM/I Satellite Observations with MM5 Simulations of Typhoon Omar. Ninth Conf. on Mesoscale Meteorology, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 30 July - 2 August.

Chiang, John C. H., Adam H. Sobel, 2002: Tropical Tropospheric Temperature Variations Caused by ENSO and Their Influence on the Remote Tropical Climate*. J. Climate, 15, 2616-2631.

Chowdhury, M. R., 2003: The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and seasonal flooding-Bangladesh. Theor. Appl. Climatol., 76, 105-124.

Cook, B. I., R. L. Miller, and R. Seager (2008), Dust and sea surface temperature forcing of the 1930s "Dust Bowl" drought, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L08710, doi:10.1029/2008GL033486.

Cook, Benjamin I., R. L. Miller, R. Seager, 2009: Amplification of the North American "Dust Bowl" drought through human-induced land degradation PNAS 2009 106 (13) 4997-5001; published ahead of print March 16, 2009, doi:10.1073/pnas.0810200106

Eisenman, I. (2010), Geographic muting of changes in the Arctic sea ice cover, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L16501, doi:10.1029/2010GL043741.

Ek, M. B., A. A. M. Holtslag, 2004: Influence of Soil Moisture on Boundary Layer Cloud Development. J. Hydrometeor, 5, 86-99. doi: 10.1175/1525-7541(2004)005<0086:IOSMOB>2.0.CO;2

Ek, M. B., K. E. Mitchell, Y. Lin, et al. (2003), Implementation of Noah land surface model advances in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction operational mesoscale Eta model, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 8851, doi:10.1029/2002JD003296.

Evans, M. N., M. A. Cane, D. P. Schrag, A. Kaplan, B. K. Linsley, R. Villalba, and G. M. Wellington (2001), Support for tropically‐driven pacific decadal variability based on paleoproxy evidence, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(19), 3689-3692.

Frey, Richard A., S. A. Ackerman, Brian J. Soden, 1996: Climate Parameters from Satellite Spectral Measurements. Part 1:.... J. Climate, 9, 327-344. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0327:CPFSSM>2.0.CO;2

Frierson, D. M. W., J. Lu, and G. Chen (2007), Width of the Hadley cell in simple and comprehensive general circulation models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L18804, doi:10.1029/2007GL031115.

Frierson, Dargan M. W., 2008: Midlatitude Static Stability in Simple and Comprehensive General Circulation Models. J. Atmos. Sci., 65, 1049-1062. doi: 10.1175/2007JAS2373.1

Gallus, W. A., Jr., and M. Rancic, 1996: A nonhydrostatic version of the NMC's regional eta model. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 122, 495-513.

Gallus, William A., R. H. Johnson, 1995: The Dynamics of Circulations within the Trailing Stratiform Regions of Squall Lines. Part I: The 10-11 June PRE-STORM System. J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 2161-2187. doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<2161:TDOCWT>2.0.CO;2

Golaz, Jean-Christophe, V. E. Larson, J. A. Hansen, et al., 2007: Elucidating Model Inadequacies in a Cloud Parameterization by Use of an Ensemble-Based Calibration Framework. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 4077-4096. doi: 10.1175/2007MWR2008.1

Griffies, S. M., and E. Tziperman, 1995: A linear thermohaline oscillator driven by stochastic atmospheric forcing. J. Climate, 8, 2440-2453.

Guentchev, Galina, Joseph J. Barsugli, Jon Eischeid, 2010: Homogeneity of Gridded Precipitation Datasets for the Colorado River Basin. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 49, 2404-2415. doi: 10.1175/2010JAMC2484.1

Hardiker, Vivek, 1997: A Global Numerical Weather Prediction Model with Variable Resolution. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 59-73. doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<0059:AGNWPM>2.0.CO;2

Hendrik L. Tolman, Hendrik L., 1995. Subgrid modeling of moveable-bed bottom friction in wind wave models, Coastal Engineering, Volume 26, Issues 1-2, September 1995, Pages 57-75, ISSN 0378-3839, DOI: 10.1016/0378-3839(95)00016-0.

Houghton, David D., R. A. Petersen, R. L. Wobus, 1993. Spatial resolution impacts on National Meteorological Center nested grid model simulations. Monthly Weather Review, Volume 121, Issue 5, 1993, pp.1450-1466.

Huybers, P. & Wunsch, C. Obliquity pacing of the late Pleistocene glacial terminations. Nature 434, 491-494 (2005).

Janjić, Zaviša I., 1994: The Step-Mountain Eta Coordinate Model: Further Developments of the Convection, Viscous Sublayer, and Turbulence Closure Schemes. Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 927-945. doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(1994)122<0927:TSMECM>2.0.CO;2

Khade, V. M., Hansen, J. A., Reid, J. S., and Westphal, D. L.: Ensemble filter based estimation of spatially distributed parameters in a mesoscale dust model: experiments with simulated and real data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 3481-3500, doi:10.5194/acp-13-3481-2013, 2013.

Kuang, Zhiming, 2004: The Norm Dependence of Singular Vectors. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 2943-2949. doi: 10.1175/JAS-3308.1

Kuang, Zhiming, Christopher S. Bretherton, 2004: Convective Influence on the Heat Balance of the Tropical Tropopause Layer: A Cloud-Resolving Model Study. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 2919-2927. doi: 10.1175/JAS-3306.1

L. Xu, J. Zhang, G. Zhang, and H. Chen, "Simulation of the remote sensing of SST from space: influence of cirrus clouds and stratospheric aerosols on VAS-derived SST determinations," Int. J. Remote Sensing (publication info unavailable).

L.N. Ly, W.P. O'Connor & J.D. Paduan (2000), A barotropic simulation of semi-diurnal and diurnal tides for the Monterey Bay region. Hydraulic Engineering Software VIII. DOI: 10.2495/HY000141

Landsea, Christopher W., et al., 1998: The Extremely Active 1995 Atlantic Hurricane Season: Environmental Conditions and Verification of Seasonal Forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 1174-1193. doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(1998)126<1174:TEAAHS>2.0.CO;2

Legg, Sonya, Helen Jones, Martin Visbeck, 1996: A Heton Perspective of Baroclinic Eddy Transfer in Localized Open Ocean Convection. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 26, 2251-2266. doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1996)026<2251:AHPOBE>2.0.CO;2

Leslie, Lance M., R. James Purser, 1995: Three-Dimensional Mass-Conserving Semi-Lagrangian Scheme Employing Forward Trajectories. Mon. Wea. Rev. , 123, 2551-2566. doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(1995)123<2551:TDMCSL>2.0.CO;2

Lin, J. C., T. Matsui, R. A. Pielke, and C. Kummerow (2006), Effects of biomass‐burning‐derived aerosols on precipitation and clouds in the Amazon Basin: a satellite‐based empirical study, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D19204, doi:10.1029/2005JD006884.

Lin, Y., E. Rogers, G. J. DiMego, K. E. Mitchell, and R. M. Aune, 1996: Assimilation of GOES-8 moisture data into NMC's Eta model. Preprints, Eighth Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, Atlanta, GA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 518-520.

Lin, Yanluan, Leo J. Donner, Brian A. Colle, 2011: Parameterization of riming intensity and its impact on ice fall speed using arm data. Mon. Wea. Rev., 139, 1036-1047. doi: 10.1175/2010MWR3299.1

Lin, Ying, K. E. Mitchell, J. P. Charba, M. E. Baldwin, E. Rogers, 1994. Assimilation of hourly rain gauge data into NMC's ETA Model. Preprints, 10th Conf On Numerical Weather Prediction, Portland, OR, Amer. Meteor. Soc.

Lisheng Xu, Jianyun Zhang, Guotong Zhang, Gang Luo and Hongbin Chen, "Radiative properties of cirrus and water clouds in visible, near-IR and IR spectra, and their applications in remote sensing", Proc. SPIE 2222, 109 (1994); doi:10.1117/12.177974

Liu, Z., 1993: Interannual positive feedbacks in a simple extratropical air-sea coupling system. J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 3022-3028.

Liu, Z., 1993: Thermocline forced by varying Ekman pumping. Part I: Spinup and spindown. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 23, 2505-2522.

Liu, Z., and J. Pedlosky, 1994: Thermocline forced by annual and decadal surface temperature variation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24, 587-608.

Liu, Z., and S. G. H. Philander, 1995: How different wind stress patterns affect the tropical-subtropical circulations of the upper ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 449-462

Liu, Z., S. G. H. Philander, and P. C. Pacanowski, 1994: A GCM study of tropical-subtropical upper-ocean water exchange. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24, 2606-2623.

Liu, Zhengyu, 1994: A Simple Model of the Mass Exchange between the Subtropical and Tropical Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24, 1153-1165. doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1994)024<1153:ASMOTM>2.0.CO;2

Liu, Zhengyu, Huijun Yang, 1994: The Intergyre Chaotic Transport. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24, 1768-1782. doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1994)024<1768:TICT>2.0.CO;2

Lohmann, D., C.D. Peters-Lidard, 2002: Changes in the lower boundary condition of water fluxes in the NOAH land surface scheme. American Geophysical Union, Spring Meeting 2002, abstract #H51B-14

Lohmann, D., et al. (2004), Streamflow and water balance intercomparisons of four land surface models in the North American Land Data Assimilation System project, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D07S91, doi:10.1029/2003JD003517.

Lu, J. and T. L. Delworth (2005), Oceanic forcing of the late 20th century Sahel drought, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L22706, doi:10.1029/2005GL023316.

Lu, J., G. A. Vecchi, and T. Reichler (2007), Expansion of the Hadley cell under global warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L06805, doi:10.1029/2006GL028443.

Luo, Gang, 1995: Simulations Exploring the Dependence of Cloud-Cover Frequency Distribution on Cloud Size and Image Pixel Resolution. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 12, 712-720. doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(1995)012<0712:SETDOC>2.0.CO;2

Maloney, Eric D., Jeffrey T. Kiehl, 2002: Intraseasonal Eastern Pacific Precipitation and SST Variations in a GCM Coupled to a Slab Ocean Model. J. Climate, 15, 2989-3007. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<2989:IEPPAS>2.0.CO;2

Maloney, Eric D., Jeffrey T. Kiehl, 2002: MJO-Related SST Variations over the Tropical Eastern Pacific during Northern Hemisphere Summer. J. Climate, 15, 675-689. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<0675:MRSVOT>2.0.CO;2

Mapes, B. E., and R. A. Houze Jr., 1995: Diabatic divergence profiles in western Pacific mesoscale convective systems. J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 1807-1828.

Marinov, I., A. Gnanadesikan, J.R. Toggweiler and J.L. Sarmiento (2006),The Southern Ocean biogeochemical divide, Nature 441 (2006), pp. 964-967.

Marinov, I., M. Follows, A. Gnanadesikan, J. L. Sarmiento, and R. D. Slater (2008), How does ocean biology affect atmospheric pCO2? Theory and models, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C07032, doi:10.1029/2007JC004598.

Markus Pahlow, Detlef Müller, Matthias Tesche, Heike Eichler, Graham Feingold, Wynn L. Eberhard, and Ya-Fang Cheng, "Retrieval of aerosol properties from combined multiwavelength lidar and sunphotometer measurements," Appl. Opt. 45, 7429-7442 (2006)

McGillicuddy Jr, D., A. R. Robinson, J. J. McCarthy, Coupled physical and biological modelling of the spring bloom in the North Atlantic..., Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume 42, Issue 8, August 1995, Pages 1359-1398, DOI: 10.1016/0967-0637(95)00035-5

Meier, W.N.; , "Comparison of passive microwave ice concentration algorithm retrievals with …," Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on , vol.43, no.6, pp. 1324- 1337, June 2005 doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2005.846151

Mesinger, F., T. L. Black, and M. E. Baldwin, 1997: Impact of resolution and of the eta coordinate on skill of the Eta Model precipitation forecasts. Numerical Methods in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling, The André J. Robert Memorial Volume, 399-423.

Michalak, A. M. and P. Kitanidis (2005), A method for the interpolation of nonnegative functions with an application to contaminant load estimation, Stochastic Environmental Research and Rise Assessment, 19(1), 8-23, 10.1007/s00477-004-0189-1.

Michalak, A. M., L. Bruhwiler, and P. P. Tans (2004), A geostatistical approach to surface flux estimation of atmospheric trace gases, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D14109, doi:10.1029/2003JD004422.

Ming, Y., V. Ramaswamy, and G. Persad (2010), Two opposing effects of absorbing aerosols on global-mean precipitation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L13701, doi:10.1029/2010GL042895.

Ming, Y., V. Ramaswamy, P. A. Ginoux, and L. H. Horowitz (2005), Direct radiative forcing of anthropogenic organic aerosol, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D20208, doi:10.1029/2004JD005573.

Ming, Y., V. Ramaswamy, P. A. Ginoux, L. W. Horowitz, and L. M. Russell (2005), Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory general circulation model investigation of the indirect radiative effects ..., J. Geophys. Res., 110, D22206, doi:10.1029/2005JD006161.

Ming, Yi, V. Ramaswamy, 2009: Nonlinear Climate and Hydrological Responses to Aerosol Effects. J. Climate, 22, 1329-1339. doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2362.1

Ming, Yi, V. Ramaswamy, L. J. Donner, V. T. J. Phillips, et al., 2007: Modeling the Interactions between Aerosols and Liquid Water Clouds .... J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 1189-1209. doi: 10.1175/JAS3874.1

Mitchell, K. E., et al. (2004), The multi-institution North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS): Utilizing multiple GCIP products and partners in a ..., J. Geophys. Res., 109, D07S90, doi:10.1029/2003JD003823.

Mitchell, K. E., et al. (2004), The multi‐institution North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS): Utilizing multiple GCIP products and partners in a ..., J. Geophys. Res., 109, D07S90, doi:10.1029/2003JD003823.

Nevison, C.D., G. Esser, and E.A. Holland, A Global Model of Changing N2O Emissions from Natural and Perturbed Soils, Climatic Change, 32, 327-378, 1996.

Okumura, Yuko M., Clara Deser, Aixue Hu, Axel Timmermann, Shang-Ping Xie, 2009: North Pacific Climate Response to Freshwater Forcing in the Subarctic North Atlantic: Oceanic and Atmospheric Pathways. J. Climate, 22, 1424-1445. doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2511.1

Purser, R. J., D. F. Parrish, Z. Toth, and E. Kalnay, 1994: Numerical filtering applied to the enhancement of pre-analysis corrections of background errors... Preprints, 10th Conf On Numerical Weather Prediction, Portland, OR, Amer. Meteor. Soc.

Purser, R. J., L. M. Leslie, 1994: An Efficient Semi-Lagrangian Scheme Using Third-Order Semi-Implicit Time Integration and Forward Trajectories. Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 745-756. doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(1994)122<0745:AESLSU>2.0.CO;2

Rancic, Miograg, R. J. Purser, 1994. Piecewise Parabolic Method as a Semi-Lagarangian Interpolator. Preprints, 10th Conf On Numerical Weather Prediction, Portland, OR, Amer. Meteor. Soc.

Rykaczewski, R. R., and J. P. Dunne (2010), Enhanced nutrient supply to the California Current Ecosystem with global warming and increased stratification in an earth system model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L21606, doi:10.1029/2010GL045019.

Savijarvi, H., 1994: Error growth in a large numerical forecast system. Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 212-221.

Seo, Hyodae, Shang-Ping Xie, Raghu Murtugudde, Markus Jochum, Arthur J. Miller, 2009: Seasonal Effects of Indian Ocean Freshwater Forcing in a Regional Coupled Model*. J. Climate, 22, 6577-6596. doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2990.1

Severinghaus et al., 1998 J.P. Severinghaus, T. Sowers, E.J. Brook, R.B. Alley and M.L. Bender, Timing of abrupt climate change at the end of the Younger Dryas period from thermally fractionated gases in polar ice, Nature 391 (1998), pp. 141-146.

Sobel, A. H., and E. D. Maloney (2000), Effect of ENSO and the MJO on western North Pacific tropical cyclones, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27(12), 1739-1742.

Sobel, Adam H., Christopher S. Bretherton, 1999: Development of Synoptic-Scale Disturbances over the Summertime Tropical Northwest Pacific. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 3106-3127. doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056<3106:DOSSDO>2.0.CO;2

Sriver, R. L., and M. Huber (2010), Modeled sensitivity of upper thermocline properties to tropical cyclone winds and possible feedbacks on the Hadley circulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L08704, doi:10.1029/2010GL042836.

Sriver, R. L., M. Goes, M. E. Mann, and K. Keller (2010), Climate response to tropical cyclone-induced ocean mixing in an Earth system model of intermediate complexity, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C10042, doi:10.1029/2010JC006106.

Stammerjohn, S. E., D. G. Martinson, R. C. Smith, X. Yuan, and D. Rind (2008), Trends in Antarctic annual sea ice retreat and advance..., J. Geophys. Res., 113, C03S90, doi:10.1029/2007JC004269.

Stamp AP, Jacka M. 1996. Deep-water internal solitary waves. J. Fluid Mech. 305:347-71

Stechmann, Samuel N., Bjorn Stevens, 2010: Multiscale models for cumulus cloud dynamics. J. Atmos. Sci., 67, 3269-3285. doi: 10.1175/2010JAS3380.1

Takahashi, Ken, 2009: Radiative Constraints on the Hydrological Cycle in an Idealized Radiative-Convective Equilibrium Model. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 77-91. doi: 10.1175/2008JAS2797.1

Throop HL, Archer S (2007) Interrelationships among shrub encroachment, land management and leaf litter decomposition in a semi-desert grassland. Ecological Applications, 17, 1809-1823.

Tolman, H. L. and N. Booij, 1998: Modeling Wind Waves Using Wavenumber-direction Spectra and a Variable Wavenumber Grid. Global Atmosphere and Ocean System, 6, 295-309.

Tolman, H. L., 1994: Wind-waves and moveable bed bottom friction. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24, 994-1009.

Tolman, H. L., 1998a: Validation of NCEP's ocean winds for the use in wind wave models. Global Atmosphere and Ocean System, 6, 243-268.

Tolman, H. L., and D. Chalikov, 1996: Source terms in a third-generation wind-wave model. J. Phys. Oceanogr, 26, 2497-2518.

Tolman, Hendrik L., Leslie C. Bender, Wayne L. Neu, 1998: Comments on "The Goddard Coastal Wave Model. Part I: Numerical Method"*. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 28, 1287-1290. doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1998)028<1287:COTGCW>2.0.CO;2

Tolman, Hendrik L., Wayne L. Neu, Leslie C. Bender, 1998: Comments on "The Goddard Coastal Wave Model. Part II: Kinematics"*. J. Phys. Oceanogr. , 28, 1305-1308. doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1998)028<1305:COTGCW>2.0.CO;2

van der Velde, M., M. Javaux, M. Vanclooster, and B. E. Clothier (2006), El Niño‐Southern Oscillation determines the salinity of the freshwater lens under a coral atoll in the Pacific Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L21403, doi:10.1029/2006GL027748.

Vecchi, G. A., A. T. Wittenberg, and A. Rosati (2006), Reassessing the role of stochastic forcing in the 1997-1998 El Niño, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L01706, doi:10.1029/2005GL024738.

Vecchi, Gabriel A., 2006: The Termination of the 1997-98 El Niño. Part II: Mechanisms of Atmospheric Change. J. Climate, 19, 2647-2664. doi: 10.1175/JCLI3780.1

Vecchi, Gabriel A., D. E. Harrison, 2006: The Termination of the 1997-98 El Niño. Part I: Mechanisms of Oceanic Change*. J. Climate, 19, 2633-2646. doi: 10.1175/JCLI3776.1

Waliser, D. E., B. Blanke, J. D. Neelin and C. Gautier, 1994: Shortwave Feedbacks and ENSO: Forced Ocean and Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Modeling Experiments. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 25109-25125.

Waliser, D., and N. Graham (1993), Convective Cloud Systems and Warm‐Pool Sea Surface Temperatures: Coupled Interactions and Self‐Regulation, J. Geophys. Res., 98(D7), 12881-12893.

Waliser, D., B. Blanke, J. Neelin, and C. Gautier (1994), Shortwave feedbacks and El Niño‐Southern Oscillation: Forced ocean and coupled ocean‐atmosphere experiments, J. Geophys. Res., 99(C12), 25109-25125.

Winton, M., 1995: Why is the deep sinking narrow? J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 997-1005.

Winton, M., 1996: The role of horizontal boundaries in parameter sensitivity and decadal-scale variability of coarse-resolution ocean general circulation models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 26, 289-304

Wood, Tana E, T Nicholas J Bouskill, Hsiao Chien Lim, Sharon Borglin, Rohit Salve, Whendee L Silver and Eoin L Brodie, 2012: The ISME Journal (2012), 1–1 1& 2012 International Society for Microbial Ecology All rights reserved 1751-7362/12

Xie, P., and P. A. Arkin, 1995: An intercomparison of gauge observations and satellite estimates of monthly precipitation. J. Appl. Meteor., 34, 1143-1160.

Xu, J., S. Rugg, L. Byerle, Z. Liu, 2009: Weather Forecasts by the WRF-ARW Model with the GSI Data Assimilation System in the Complex Terrain Areas of Southwest Asia. Wea. Forecasting, 24, 987-1008. doi: 10.1175/2009WAF2222229.1

Xu, J., S. Rugg, M. Horner, L. Byerle, 2009 Application of ATOVS Radiance with ARW WRF/GSI Data Assimilation System in the Prediction of Hurricane Katrina The Open Atmospheric Science Journal, vol. 3, issue 1, pp. 13-28. DOI: 10.2174/1874282300903010013

Yano, J.I. and G.R. Flierl, 1994. Jupiter's Great Red Spot: compacting conditions, stabilities. Ann. Geophysicae 12 (1994), pp. 1-18.

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